Business Dynamics: Mexico

May 2023

Mexico’s economic modernisation are attempts clouded by widespread corruption, low government integrity and lack of ICT investments. Poor education and labour skills alongside intensive brain drain remain among major issues limiting advancements in the business environment. Mexico, however, benefits from USMCA trade agreement and well-developed mobility infrastructure. Financial system in the country is also stable and strong, yet soaring interest rates limit businesses’ access to financing.

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The Country Briefings series examine market potential, economic and consumer trends impacting each country and how they are set to change.

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Business Dynamics: Mexico


Widespread corruption and low government integrity continue clouding business environment in Mexico
Strong financial market remains one of the key advantages, yet rising interest rates hinders some investment potential
Low high education attainment and intensive brain drain remain the key challenges for the Mexican labour market
Government spending on infrastructure developments to continue supporting logistics and trade sectors in Mexico
Sluggish ICT adoption and poor investments into innovations
Chart 1 Operational and Legal Environment Key Indicators
Chart 2 Index of Economic Freedom Ranking by Pillar in Mexico and Regional Comparison 2022
Chart 3 Index of Economic Freedom Ranking 2017-2022
Chart 4 Index of Economic Freedom: Judicial Effectiveness Pillar Rank in Mexico and Regional Comparison 2017-2022
Chart 5 Index of Economic Freedom: Government Integrity Pillar Rank in Mexico and Regional Comparison 2017-2022
Chart 6 Corruption Perceptions Ranking: Mexico and Regional Comparison 2017-2022
Chart 7 Key Financial and Investment Indicators
Chart 8 Index of Economic Freedom: Property Rights Pillar Rank in Mexico and Regional Comparison 2017-2022
Chart 9 Bank Claims on the Private Sector as % of GDP 2017-2022
Chart 10 Bank Nonperforming Loans to Total Gross Loans 2017-2022
Chart 11 Key Skills and Labour Indicators
Chart 12 Population Aged 15+ with Higher Education 2017-2022
Chart 13 Education Indicators 2022
Chart 14 Number of University Graduates by Programme 2022
Chart 15 Employment by Age 2022
Chart 16 Employment by Gender 2022
Chart 17 Youth Unemployment Rate 2017-2022
Chart 18 Labour Structure Change 2017-2022
Chart 19 Labour Structure Comparison 2022
Chart 20 Self Employed as % of Total Employed Population 2022
Chart 21 Index of Economic Freedom: Labour Pillar Rank in Mexico and Regional Comparison 2017-2022
Chart 22 Wage per Hour in Manufacturing Sector 2017-2022
Chart 23 Key Infrastructure Indicators
Chart 24 Index of Economic Freedom: Trade Freedom Pillar Rank in Mexico and Regional Comparison 2017-2022
Chart 25 The Top Four Largest Mexico’s Export Categories 2017-2022
Chart 26 Turnover of Transport and Storage Industry by Category in Mexico 2022
Chart 27 Transportation Mode Indicators in Mexico and Regional Comparison
Chart 28 Road Infrastructure 2022
Chart 29 Innovation and Digitalisation Key Indicators
Chart 30 Network Readiness Ranking by Pillar in Mexico and Regional Comparison 2022
Chart 31 Network Readiness Ranking for Mexico and Regional Comparison 2019-2022
Chart 32 Network Readiness Ranking: Technology Pillar for Mexico and Regional Comparison 2019-2022
Chart 33 Intellectual Property: Mexico Compared to Selected Regional Peers 2022
The 2022 Index of Economic Freedom
The Network Readiness Index (NRI) 2022

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